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Information for Employers in Finland

This is a brief guide only, and does not constitute legal advice. Always check the latest rules & regulations with the relevant authorities.
Primary Source for this page: Enterprise Finland

Introduction for Employers in Finland
When a company hires its first external employee, the company becomes an employer with the liabilities and obligations which apply to all employers regardless of the number of employees. These obligations include paying social security contributions, withholding the employee's shares of these contributions, and paying them forward to insurance companies.

There is a lot of advice and many services available to entrepreneurial employers free-of-charge, such as help in hiring personnel, addressing employers' obligations, and the challenges associated with terminating employment. Companies can also, subject to certain conditions, receive financial support for obtaining employees or competence.

Main Responsibilities of Employers in Finland

The main responsibilities of an employer in Finland are:

Additional information for employers:

Occupational Healthcare

Employers are obligated to arrange and pay for statutory occupational healthcare for employees, even for one employee. A self-employed person or person conducting a profession may also arrange occupational healthcare services for him/herself.

Occupational healthcare services can be obtained from:

Employers can also provide healthcare services in-house by maintaining an occupational healthcare clinic by themselves or in cooperation with other employers.

Obligations of a Foreign Employer

If a foreign company is paying wages to someone for work that is performed in Finland, the foreign company may have employer obligations related to taxation and the social security system. Employers have to pay several social security contributions in Finland. They also have to withhold the employee's shares of these contributions and pay them forward to insurance companies. However, no obligation to pay the contributions exists in the case of posted foreign employees.
See: Finnish Tax Administration > Companies & Organisations > Foreign business in Finland

Assistance with Finnish Employer's Obligations

Enterprise Finland's Employing section gives advice on the following matters:

Further Assistance
Enterprise Finland offers assistance online, by telephone, and in person. Your first step in obtaining further assistance is to go to the bottom left-hand corner of
Enterprise Finland > In English > click Send us a service request

Pension Insurance for Finnish Employers and Entrepreneurs

Pension insurance is an obligation for both employers and entrepreneurs. Employers are liable to take out insurance known as TyEL for all employees and to pay the insurance contributions to an authorised pension provider; these include insurance companies, company pension funds, industry-wide pension funds or other similar pension funds.

A self-employed person must take out insurance known as YEL for himself or herself. Pension insurance must be taken out within the first six months of self-employment, and when the business activity has lasted at least 4 months. The self-employed person's insurance contributions are based on the confirmed income from self-employment and not for instance on the company's turnover.
Note: Being self-employed impacts your pension and social security entitlements!
See also: Yle News article 23.7.2015 Finnish Entrepreneurs Get the Short End of the Stick Archive

Pension Reform 2017
Changes to pensions come into effect in 2017 which affect retirement age limits and pension accrual rates. A summary of changes is available in English at
Ilmarinen: ilmarinen.fi/en/private-customer/pension-reform/

Finnish Centre for Pensions, Eläketurvakeskuks
This is the central body for statutory pension insurance in Finland. Their web site provides comprehensive information on numerous pension insurance matters including:

Pension Insurers in Finland

Statutory Accident Insurance

The accident insurance authority in Finland is TVK: Workers' Compensation Center. TVK's site contains information on employers' accident insurance obligations, including:

How and Where to Take Out Insurance
You can take out statutory accident insurance with your current insurance institution, or contact details for all accident insurance institutions are available at:
TVK www.tvk.fi/en/ > Insurances > Taking out insurance > How to take out an insurance policy

Pay Subsidy for Finnish Employers

In certain circumstances the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment can grant a subsidy for salary costs to an employer recruiting an unemployed jobseeker. The objective of work arranged through a pay subsidy is to improve the vocational skills, competence and labour market position of the unemployed jobseeker and to promote the access of those having been unemployed for long periods to the open labour market.

The pay subsidy is mainly used to employ persons who are long-term unemployed, disabled, young people aged less than 25 and jobless persons threatened by long-term unemployment or exclusion from the labour market. This subsidy can be received by State agencies and institutions, municipalities, companies and other private sector employers, such as associations, foundations and households.

Applying for a pay subsidy

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